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    Top 10 Highest Mountains in Nepal

    Balaram Thapa
    Balaram ThapaUpdated: Sep 14th 2023  |  Peaks

    Nepal’s mountains are quite a spectacle. Mount Everest takes the crown at 8,848.86 meters, making it the highest mountain in the world. But Nepal isn’t a one-hit wonder. It’s got the world’s top eight tallest mountains, all towering over 8,000 meters. 

Indeed, while Mount Everest claims the spotlight, let’s not forget about the other impressive high-flyers. Those mountains ranking as the third, fourth, fifth, and beyond in terms of height deserve their share of recognition and admiration.

So, let’s explore the top 10 highest mountains in Nepal. Each one tells a remarkable story of nature’s wonders and human determination. 

    Ready to dig in?

    Quick Overview of the Top 10 Highest Mountains in Nepal

    S. N

    Mountain Name 

    Elevation (m)

    Elevation (ft)

    Himalayan Range/Section 

    World Rank 

    Nepal Rank 


    Mount Everest



    Khumbu Mahalangur







    Northern Kanchenjunga







    Everest Group







    Makalu Mahalangur




    Cho Oyu



    Khumbu Mahalangur




    Dhaulagiri I














    Annapurna I







    Gyachung Kang



    Khumbu Mahalangur




    Annapurna II






    Below is the list of Nepal’s top 10 highest mountains, ranked in ascending order of their elevation

    • Mount Everest: Elevation 8,848.86 m (29,032 ft), located in the Khumbu Mahalangur range. It holds the 1st rank both globally and in Nepal.
    • Kanchenjunga: Elevation 8,586 m (28,169 ft), located in the Northern Kanchenjunga range. It holds the 3rd rank globally and the 2nd rank in Nepal.
    • Lhotse: Elevation 8,516 m (27,940 ft), part of the Everest Group. It holds the 4th rank globally and the 3rd rank in Nepal.
    • Makalu: Elevation 8,481 m (27,824 ft), located in the Makalu Mahalangur range. It holds the 5th rank globally and the 4th rank in Nepal.
    • Cho Oyu: Elevation 8,188 m (26,864 ft), located in the Khumbu Mahalangur range. It holds the 6th rank globally and the 5th rank in Nepal.
    • Dhaulagiri I: Elevation 8,167 m (26,795 ft), located in the Dhaulagiri range. It holds the 7th rank globally and the 6th rank in Nepal.
    • Manaslu: Elevation 8,163 m (26,781 ft), located in the Mansiri range. It holds the 8th rank globally and the 7th rank in Nepal.
    • Annapurna I: Elevation 8,091 m (26,545 ft), located in the Annapurna range. It holds the 10th rank globally and the 8th rank in Nepal.
    • Gyachung Kang: Elevation 7,952 m (26,089 ft), located in the Khumbu Mahalangur range. It does not have a global rank but holds the 9th rank in Nepal.
    • Annapurna II: Elevation 7,937 m (26,040 ft), located in the Annapurna range. It does not have a global rank but holds the 10th rank in Nepal.

    Mount Everest (8,848.86 meters)- The Roof of the World


    Mount Everest, with its awe-inspiring height of 8,848.86 meters, is the world's highest peak and an iconic symbol of adventure and human spirit. Situated in Nepal's Khumbu region, this colossal mountain has captivated the hearts and minds of explorers for generations. 
    Notable Features of Mount Everest: 
    The World's Apex: Everest reigns supreme as the highest point on Earth, which continues to
    captivate adventures and explorers worldwide. 
    Historic Ascent: In 1953, Sir Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay, a Sherpa from Nepal, achieved a historic milestone by becoming the first people to reach the top of Mount Everest. Their triumphant ascent marked a turning point in the world of exploration. 
    The Legendary Base Camp: At the base of the mountain lies the famous Everest Base Camp, a pilgrimage site for trekkers and mountaineers around the globe. The journey to this camp, known as the Everest Base Camp trek, is an epic multi-day adventure through breathtaking landscapes. 

    Kanchenjunga (8,586 meters)- The World's Third Highest Peak

    With its height of 8,586 meters, Kanchenjunga proudly claims its place as the world's third-highest mountain. Nestled between Nepal and the Indian state of Sikkim, this colossal peak is a testament to nature's grandeur. 
    Unlike Mount Everest, Kanchenjunga is shrouded in mystique, often escaping the spotlight. Yet, its obscurity conceals a wealth of captivating details. 
    Notable Features of Kanchenjunga


    Sacred to Locals: Kanchenjunga holds a holy place in the hearts of the local Sikkimese people. They revere it as the "Five Treasures of Snow," with its five peaks symbolizing gold, silver, gems, grain, and holy books. 
    Respectful Climbing: Out of reverence for local beliefs, climbers traditionally stop shy of Kanchenjunga's actual summit, making it one of the few peaks where spiritual respect outweighs the urge for conquest. 
    Hidden Beauty: Kanchenjunga's lower profile means it attracts fewer climbers. This offers those who dare to venture a more secluded and pristine experience amidst the Himalayan wilderness. 
    Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek: The Kanchenjunga region offers the Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek, a stunning journey leading trekkers to Kanchenjunga's north and south base camps. This trek is the adventure of a lifetime, providing an up-close encounter with the mountain's splendor. 

    Lhotse (8,516 meters)- The Fourth Highest Peak

    Lhotse, standing tall at 8,516 meters, is renowned as the world's fourth-highest mountain. Located near Mount Everest, Lhotse shares the same route up to a certain point, making it an appealing challenge for mountaineers. 
    Notable Feature of Lhotse

    Everest's Neighbor: Lhotse's proximity to Mount Everest means that climbers often attempt both peaks in a single expedition. The route to Lhotse is the same as Everest from the Everest Base Camp until climbers reach Camp 3 and then depart to the Reiss couloir on the Lhotse face to reach the summit. 
    Visually Striking: Many consider Lhotse more visually attractive than Everest due to its sharp ridges and striking pyramid shape. Despite its proximity to the world's highest peak, Lhotse remains significantly less crowded. 
    Historic Ascent: Lhotse's main summit was first conquered in 1956, making it a landmark milestone in mountaineering.

    Makalu (8,481 meters)- The Fifth Highest Challenge


    Standing tall at 8,481 meters, Makalu is the world's fifth-highest mountain known for its formidable climbing challenges. Situated in the Everest massif in Nepal, Makalu has earned a reputation as one of the most challenging mountains on Earth to conquer. 
    Notable Features of Makalu

    The Name's Origin: Makalu derives its name from the Sanskrit word "Maha Kala," which translates to "Big Black" and is a reference to the Hindu god Shiva. This adds a touch of cultural richness to the mountain's mystique. 
    Pyramid of Steepness: Makalu is notorious for its steep, pitched slopes and knife-edged ridges. Its upper slopes involve technical rock and ice climbing, adding to the mountain's allure and challenge. 
    French Conquest: Makalu's summit was first ascended by a French expedition led by Jean Franco in 1955. The triumphant ascent marked a significant achievement in the world of mountaineering. 
    Off the Beaten Path: Nepal's Makalu region is considered an off-the-beaten-path trekking destination. Its rugged terrain and challenging routes appeal to trekkers seeking a more adventurous and less crowded experience. 

    Cho Oyu (8,188 meters)- The Turquoise Goddess

    Cho Oyu, standing at 8,188 meters, is the sixth-highest mountain globally and fifth highest within Nepal. A mere 20 kilometers west of Mount Everest in the Khumbu sub-section of the Mahalangur Himalayas, Cho Oyu is a prominent peak with unique characteristics. 
    Notable Features of Cho Oyu

    Turquoise Goddess: "Cho Oyu" translates to "Turquoise Goddess" in Tibetan, an apt title for a mountain of grace and beauty. 
    The Gentle Giant: Among the world's 8,000-meter peaks, Cho Oyu is often considered the most "achievable" for climbers. Its gentler slopes and relatively less technical ascent make it an appealing challenge for those looking to test their high-altitude skills. 
    Trading Route: Cho Oyu lies near the Nangpa La Pass, a significant trading route between the Tibetan and Khumbu Sherpa communities. This historical and cultural connection adds depth to the mountain's significance.

    Dhaulagiri I (8,167 meters)- The White Mountain

    With its impressive elevation of 8,167 meters, Dhaulagiri I rank as the seventh-highest mountain globally and a formidable challenge for mountaineers. Located in western Nepal, Dhaulagiri I is a striking peak with several unique distinctions. 
    Notable Features of Dhaulagiri I

    The White Mountain: Dhaulagiri I is famously known as the "White Mountain" due to its snow-covered slopes and towering presence. Its magnificent presence along the renowned Annapurna Circuit trek, situated just 34 kilometers away from Annapurna I, enhances its allure. 
    Kali Gandaki Gorge: Dhaulagiri I and the nearby Annapurna massif are separated by the Kali Gandaki Gorge, recognized as the world's deepest gorge. This natural wonder carves a dramatic landscape in the region. 
    Rain Shadow Effect: The Dhaulagiri massif casts a rain shadow, creating a semi-desert-like landscape in regions such as Mustang and Dolpo. These unique climatic features contribute to the diverse landscapes of Nepal. 
    Dhaulagiri Circuit Trek: The Dhaulagiri region offers some of Nepal's most spectacular trekking routes, with the Dhaulagiri Circuit Trek being a standout choice. This trek encapsulated the region's natural beauty and diverse terrain.

    Mount Manaslu (8,163 meters)- The Mountain of the Spirit


    Standing proudly at 8,163 meters, Mount Manaslu claims its spot as the eighth-highest peak in the world. Situated in the Mansiri Himal, a part of Nepal's vast Himalayan range, its name derives from the Sanskrit word "Manasa," meaning "intellect" or "soul," and carries a deep spiritual significance. 
    Notable Features of Mount Manaslu

    Japanese Mountain: Mount Manaslu is often called the "Japanese mountain" because of its connection with Japanese climbers. The peak saw numerous Japanese expeditions, some successful and others not, earning it this endearing nickname. 
    The Killer Mountain: Mount Manaslu is known as the "Killer Mountain" due to its frequent icefall and high-altitude sickness risks. Climbers who dare to conquer this formidable peak face an array of challenges.

    Trekking Treasures: The Manaslu region encompasses the Manaslu Conservation Area, home to spectacular trekking routes like the Manaslu Circuit Trek and Tsum Valley Trek. These treks offer magnificent views of Mount Manaslu and its surroundings.


    Annapurna I (8,091 meters)- The Goddess of the Harvest 

    Annapurna I, rising to a formidable 8,091 meters, holds its place as the tenth-highest mountain in the world and is a beloved icon of Nepal's Himalayas. Named after the Hindu Goddess of food and grains, this mountain's Sanskrit name signifies abundance and sustenance. 
    Notable Features of Annapurna I

    Goddess of Abundance: Annapurna's name stems from the Sanskrit words "Anna," meaning food, and "Purna," meaning full or complete. It reflects the mountain's role in providing nourishment to the land. 
    Historical Triumph: In 1950, a French expedition led by Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal made history by being the first to conquer Annapurna I. This achievement marked a significant milestone, as it was the first successful ascent of an 8,000-meter peak. 
    Challenging Ascent: Annapurna I is renowned for its extreme difficulty and danger. Climbers must contend with treacherous terrain, avalanches, and unpredictable weather, making it one of the world's most dangerous peaks. 
    Trekking Treasures: The Annapurna region is famous not only for its towering peak but also for its picturesque trekking trails. The Annapurna Sanctuary and Annapurna Base Camp trek offer breathtaking views of this majestic mountain.


    Gyachung Kang (7,952 meters)- The Enigmatic Peak

    Gyachung Kang is the ninth-highest mountain in Nepal and the fifteenth-highest globally, with an elevation of 7,952 meters. This mountain, often shrouded in obscurity, lies nestled between the famous Mount Everest and Cho Oyu, offering its unique allure. 
    Notable Features of Gyachung Kang

    Hidden Beauty: Gyachung Kang remains an enigmatic and less explored peak, often overshadowed by its towering neighbors, Everest and Cho Oyu. This obscurity lends it an air of mystery and solitude. 
    Renowned Trekking Trails: The vicinity of Gyachung Kang is home to some of the most famous trekking trails in Nepal. Trekkers can enjoy breathtaking views of this peak while traversing iconic routes like the Everest Base Camp Trek, Gokyo Lakes Trek, and Three Passes Trek. 
    Testament of Natural Beauty: The landscape around Gyachung Kang is a testament to the unspoiled natural beauty of the Himalayas. Trekkers and climbers alike are treated to pristine wilderness and awe-inspiring vistas.

    Annapurna II (7,937 meters)


    Annapurna II, at an elevation of 7,937 meters, is a distinguished mountain in Nepal's Annapurna Massif. Though not as towering as its famous sibling, Annapurna I, it boasts unique character and allure.

    Notable Features of Annapurna II

    Mountain Sibling: Annapurna II is part of the Annapurna Massif, which includes the formidable Annapurna I. Together, they form a stunning mountainous landscape that enchants trekkers and mountaineers alike. 
    Scenic Beauty: While not as high as its sibling, Annapurna II offers a remarkable visual appeal. Its striking pyramid shape and pristine slopes make it a picturesque sight for trekkers and climbers. 
    Trekking Delights: The Annapurna region is renowned for its trekking routes, and Annapurna II plays a role in these adventures. Treks like the Annapurna Circuit and Annapurna Base Camp offer trekkers the chance to appreciate the beauty of this mountain. 
    Remote Wilderness: Annapurna II's location in a relatively less explored part of the Himalayas provides adventurers with a sense of remoteness and tranquility amidst unspoiled wilderness.

    Faqs - Your Questions, Answered

    How many highest mountains are there in Nepal?

    Nepal has 8 of the world's 14 highest mountains, each exceeding 8,000 meters in elevation.

    Why is Nepal known as the "Land of the Himalayas"?

    Nepal is called the "Land of the Himalayas" because it is in the heart of the Himalayan Mountain range, home to some of the world's highest peaks, including Mount Everest. This geographical location, breathtaking scenery, cultural significance, and adventure tourism opportunities have earned Nepal this nickname.

    What is the deadliest mountain among Nepal's top 10 highest mountains, and why is it so dangerous?

    Among the top 10 highest mountains in Nepal, Annapurna I is often considered one of the deadliest. Annapurna I has a high fatality rate among climbers attempting to summit due to its challenging terrain, avalanche-prone slopes, and unpredictable weather conditions. It has earned a reputation as a particularly treacherous peak in the Himalayas.

    What are some famous treks and expeditions in the region of the top 10 mountains in the world?

    Here are some famous treks and expeditions in the region of the top 10 mountains in the world: 

    1. Mount Everest (Nepal/Tibet):

    Everest Base Camp Trek: This popular trek leads to the base camp of Mount Everest, providing stunning views of the Himalayan peaks. 
    Everest Expedition: The ultimate challenge for mountaineers attempting to summit the tallest mountain in the world.

    2. K2 (Pakistan/China):

    K2 Base Camp Trek: A challenging trek leading to the base camp of K2, the second-tallest mountain on the planet. 
    K2 Expedition: A demanding and difficult climb, often considered more technically challenging than Everest. 

    3. Kanchenjunga (Nepal/India):

    Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek: A remote and less-traveled trek that offers breathtaking views of Kanchenjunga and surrounding peaks. 

    4. Lhotse (Nepal/Tibet):

    Lhotse Expedition: An expedition often accompanies Everest climbers, as Lhotse shares part of its route with Everest. 

    5. Makalu (Nepal/Tibet):

    Makalu Base Camp Trek: This trek leads you to the base camp of Makalu, providing glimpses of one of the world's highest peaks. 

    6. Cho Oyu (Nepal/Tibet):

    Cho Oyu Expedition: A less technically demanding 8,000-meter peak attracting climbers seeking high-altitude experience. 

    7. Dhaulagiri (Nepal):

    Dhaulagiri Circuit Trek: This challenging trek around the Dhaulagiri massif, known for its remote and rugged terrain. 

    8. Manaslu (Nepal):

    Manaslu Circuit Trek: This circuit trek around the eighth-highest mountain in the world offers a mix of culture and natural beauty. 

    9. Nanga Parbat (Pakistan):

    Nanga Parbat Expedition: Known as the "Killer Mountain," this peak is one of the deadliest to climb, with several routes for mountaineers. 

    10. Annapurna (Nepal):

    Annapurna Circuit Trek: This classic trek circles the Annapurna massif, passing through diverse landscapes and cultural villages. 
    Annapurna Base Camp Trek: This shorter trek leads to the base camp of Annapurna, surrounded by some of the world's highest peaks.

    What's the significance of the "8000-meter club" in mountaineering?

    The "8000-meter club" refers to climbers who have successfully submitted all 14 of the world's 8,000-meter peaks. Nepal is home to many of these peaks, making it a prime destination for mountaineers aiming to join this elite club.

    Is Mount Everest the most dangerous of the 8,000-meter peaks?

    Mount Everest, while certainly challenging, is not necessarily the most dangerous among the 8,000-meter peaks. Mountains like K2 and Annapurna I are often considered riskier due to their technical difficulties and higher fatality rates.

    Are there any restrictions on climbing these mountains in Nepal?

    Climbing permits are required for all expeditions in Nepal, and fees vary depending on the mountain's height and location. Additionally, certain mountains, like Kangchenjunga, have cultural and religious restrictions that climbers must respect.

    What's the best time of year for trekking and climbing in Nepal's mountains?

    The best time for trekking and climbing in Nepal falls during the pre-monsoon (spring) and post-monsoon (autumn) seasons, when the weather remains relatively stable, and the views are spectacular.

    Are there any age restrictions for climbing the highest mountains?

    No specific age restrictions exist, but climbers must be physically fit and mentally prepared to endure the extreme conditions and challenges of high-altitude climbing.

    What is the significance of the "Death Zone" on these famous mountains?

    The "Death Zone" refers to elevations above 8,000 meters where the air pressure and oxygen levels are so low that prolonged exposure can lead to severe altitude sickness and, ultimately, death. Climbers must minimize their time in this zone. 

    Final Words

    To sum it up, the mountains of Nepal are truly remarkable. Mount Everest may be a star, but many other incredible peaks exist in this part of the Himalayas.

    Nepal is home to the world's eight highest mountains, and we have explored the top 10 together. Each mountain has its fascinating story, where nature's grandeur meets human courage and curiosity. It's an adventure that captures the essence of the Himalayas. 

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