Nepal at a Glance

Nepal at Glance, sharpen your I.Q! Know about the basics of Nepal!

Area of Nepal

Nepal covers an area of 147,516 km2  around the globe, amongst which 92.94% is land and 7.06% is water.

Capital city

The renowned – Kathmandu city.

Population of Nepal

As per the census survey of the UN conducted in 2021, the population of Nepal is 30.03 million.

Life Expectancy

68 years for men and 70 years for women

Geographical Location

Nepal is a landlocked country; therefore, there is no direct access to Nepal through a water route. It lies between two powerful nations, India and China. China lies to the north, while India lies to the east, west, and south of Nepal. Nepal shares an open border with India. Nepal’s geography varies as we move from flat plains in Terai to lush hills to towering mountains in the mountainous region. Amongst the 14th highest peaks in the world, Nepal owns eight!


Nepal is a multicultural and multilingual nation. However, the national language of the country is Nepal. But as you travel to the different regions of Nepal, you will find variety in the language, culture, and lifestyle of people.


The climate of Nepal can be classified into four different types:

  • September - November is considered as autumn season.
  • December – February is considered as winter season.
  • March–May is considered as spring season.
  • June – August is considered as the summer season.

People and religion

You will be a wide variation in Nepal when it comes to people and religion. However, people can be distinctly divided into two types Indo - Aryans and Mangoloids (Kirat). Going through the history of Nepal, Nepal was the sole Hindu kingdom in the world before 2007 A.D.

However, it was turned into a secular state since then. But the population of Hindu people is exceptionally high than that of other religions. Besides Hinduism, the influence of Buddhism is also major. Considered the birthplace of Buddha, the influence of Buddhism is high in the mountainous regions of Nepal. The influence of Christianity and Muslims can also be seen. People of different religions and cultures live in harmony.

Currency/ Foreign currency exchange

The currency of Nepal is Nepali Rupees. The Nepali rupee comes in the denominations of NRs.1, NRs. 2, NRs.5, NRs.10, NRs.20, NRs.50, NRs.100, NRs.500, and NRs.1000. For NRs.1 and NRs. 2, coins come in use more frequently than notes.

You can exchange your currency for Nepalese rupees at the counter at the airport. You can also exchange it through banks or other authorized foreign exchange counters in Nepal.

For the reference of the exchange rate, you can visit the website of Nepal Rastra Bank, the central bank of Nepal.

Monetary unit

1NRs = 100 paisa

GNI per capita

USD 480 (As per the census survey of 2010 conducted by World Bank)

Main Exports

Nepal exports carpets, clothing garments, leather goods, jute goods and other handmade items.

Internet domain


Telephone/ Postal code