Nepal is a country blessed with the incredible environment, diverse culture and the amazing mountain peaks. This small country is not even known to many people across the world as the country is wedged between to massive nation in the world. Regardless, there are few things that makes the identity of Nepal known globally. For instance, Nepal is the home of the world’s tallest mountain- Mt. Everest and light of the Asia – Lord Gautam Buddha was born in Nepal. These are some amazing facts of Nepal. But it is not limited to that only. And here are listing some other amazing facts of Nepal.
Languages: Commonly spoken language is Nepali. There are over 90 ethnic groups who have their own languages. Above facts generalize the standard demographics of Nepal and gives you a vision about the structure of Nepal.
Nepal is a small country with landlocked strip of land. In terms areas, it is 800 km long and 200km wide. Regardless, it manages to fit a lot of terrain into just 147,181 sq. km. Nepal’s landscape rises just from 70 m to a whopping 8848 elevation which is the highest in this entire world. Geographically, Nepal is divided into three region: Himalayas (Mountain), Hills and Terai (Plains). The climatic condition of all these places are different from each other so is the cultural aspects.
Mountains covers the one third of total length of Nepal. The mountain region of Nepal is where the high snow peaked mountains of Nepal are situated. The mountain region of Nepal is where the high snow peaked mountains of Nepal are situated. The tiers of the mountain ranges are divided by the glaciers and rivers draining down from the Tibetan plateau.
Mountain region rises from 2800m and above. However, due to extreme climatic condition only few number of people reside above this altitude. Although, there are people residing till 5000m but it is just due to work purposes. Most people of the Himalayas reside below 2800m.
North of the first ridge of the Himalayas is a high altitude desert, similar to the Tibetan plateau. This zone incorporates the parched valleys of Mustang, Manang, Dolpo, just as the minor pinnacles of Tibetan side. The clouds that brings the monsoon rain drop all their rain on the Southside of the mountains making the other part dry and eroded thus a rain shadow area.
The region where most valleys are located are called hills in context of Nepal. Most of the population of Nepal resides in Hilly region. The region is very rich in vegetation as well the soil is also fertile for agriculture. The climatic condition of this place is moderate. Moreover, the region is surrounded by hills forming valleys where human settlements can be found.
The flat land in Nepal are known as Terai. The region is adorned with the patchwork of paddy fields, sal forests, tiny thatched villages and sprawling industrial cities. Likewise, it also contains some low heights hills. The region covers 17% of the total area of Nepal. It borders with India and rises to about 1000m.
Above information is a short description to explain the lay of the land of Nepal. Thus it just gives you an ounce of information about the geographical features of Nepal.
Now moving on to other amazing and interesting facts of Nepal, you can find them down below:
Among 14 highest mountains, 10 are located in Nepal
Nepal is home for some of the major mountains in the world including Mt. Everest (8828m) the highest world mountain in the world. The territory of the Himalayas (north) incorporates 202 pinnacles ascending to more than 19,685 ft. (6,000 m) and 13 mountains ascending to more than 26,246 ft. (8,000 m).
Due to this very reason, people from all over the world visit Nepal to appreciate the beauty escalated by the snowcapped peaks. In the form of trekking in Nepal, people go for a hike for days long in the remote trails just to be close to the base of the highest peaks. Likewise, some of the famous trekking trails of Nepal is Everest Base Camp Trek, Annapurna Base Camp Trek, Langtang Valley Trek and many more.
The flag of Nepal is the different than the rest of the world. Unlike other usual flag of rectangular with intricate designs, we have triangular shaped flag.
The flag of Nepal is in crimson red, blue and white in color and on the chest of two triangles, it has the picture of sun and the moon which has its very own significant meaning.
The crimson red demonstrates the bravery of Nepalese and crimson is also the national color. The blue color on the border symbolizes the peace and harmony. Though, the sun and the moon speaks to life span of always simply like the images.
Facts of Nepal | Nepal has a living Goddess
In Nepal, a Kumari is a young lady chosen from the Shakya or Bajracharya caste of Nepalese Newari Buddhist community. Viewed as a Living Goddess, Kumari is a young lady without any imperfections and is picked by the Buddhist Shakya’s as an appearance of Goddess Taleju, the tutelary god of the Malla line and the Shah dynasty who inherited this tradition.
The goddess lives in the temple and during festive season, pilgrims worships her. She gives the blessing as well. As a part of being living goddess, the young lady does not touch her feet to the ground and is carried everywhere by someone else. And this is because, in Hindu mythology it is believed that god’s feet are not to be touched on the land.
Another interesting fact, as the puberty hits the goddess, the current one will be replaced by another new one.
Lumbini- Birthplace of Lord Gautam Buddha
The light of the Asia, Gautam Buddha was born in the small village of Kapilvastu which is situated in Lumbini district of Nepal. He was born in 623 B.C and till this date, place where he was born and the palace where grew can be visited.
The place is now a pilgrimage site where thousands of Buddhist and Hindu pilgrims come to visit this sacred place.
Nepal is a secular country
Although, Nepal has a large number of Hindu population. The main religion of the country is Hinduism and Buddhism. Regardless, here people can practice their religion without any hesitation. Also, statistically, Nepal has recorded different religion such as Islam, Kirants, Christians, and others.
Thanks to the tendency towards adaptation and blend there is little religious tension in Neal and religion has long played little part in the politics of Nepal.
Nepalese do not eat Beef.
In Hinduism, cow is seen as embodiment of goddess Lakshmi who is the god of wealth. Moreover, during festive season Nepalese worship cows as a respect to goddess Lakshmi. Thus, cows is believed to be holy, or profoundly regarded. Besides, dairy animals are viewed as a ‘guardian’ or maternal figure.
Besides, lynching of cows is consider as crime in Nepal. And as told earlier, Nepal is country with majority of Hindu and thus eating any kinds of meat that comes from the cow is considered evil and cannot be forgiven. Henceforth, Nepalese do not eat cow.
We have our own version of dumpling and that is MO:MO
Dumpling is eaten everywhere across the world. Everybody has their own version of dumpling. And in our case, we called dumpling them as MOMO. It comes in different version such as veg momo, non-veg momo with varieties. And it is the most loved dishes amongst the Nepalese public. Although, we have different national food and that is traditional Dhal Bhat. Dhal Bhat is cooked in every household of Nepal and taken every day at least once.
Nepalese experiences six seasons.
In Nepal, there are six seasons. In Nepal season is called as “Ritu”. And the season of Nepal are as follows:
In Nepalese calendar, this falls under Chitra and Baishak month. In the English calendar, it falls during the months of Mid-March to Mid-May. It is spring season in Nepal.
This season falls in the Jestha and Ashad in the Nepali calender. In the English calendar, it tumbles from Mid-May to Mid-July. It is summer season in Nepal.
In Nepalese calendar, this season begins from the Shrawan to Bhadra. In the English calendar, it tumbles from mid-July to mid-September. It is monsoon season in Nepal.
Sharad Ritu falls in the Ashwin and Katrik on the Nepalese calendar. In the English schedule, it falls in the long stretch of mid-September to mid-November. It is autumn season in Nepal.
Hemanta Ritu falls on the month of Mangsir and Poush on the Nepalese calendar. And on the English calendar, it tumbles from mid-November to mid-January. This is the pre-winter season in Nepal.
It falls on the month of Magh and Fagun in the Nepali season. In the English calendar, this lies in the middle of mid-January to mid-April. It is the winter season in Nepal.
So these are some the season that is experienced in Nepal.
Home of the over 90 ethnic groups
The human geography of Nepal is a remarkable cultural mosaic of people who have not so much assimilated as learned to coexist. The ethnic divisions are complex and numerous. You will not only see one type of people in Nepal but of all kinds of people with different features, culture and tradition. Some of the ethnic groups of Nepal are Tamang, Brahmin, Chhetri, Sherpa, Gurung, Magar, Rai, Limbu and many more. Each individual have their own language, customs, rituals, norms, values, tradition which identifies and differs them from many ethnic groups of Nepal. Nepal’s functions as the unifying the language, though less than half of Nepal’s people speak Nepali as their first language.
Nepal was always an independent country
Nepal was never kept under the monarchy of powerful nations. Thus, we do not have an independent day.
Brave Gurkhas of Nepal
Nepal’s eminent Gorkha troopers in every case effectively secured their nation. With their motto, “Better to die than be a Coward” Nepalese Gurkhas won many Indian wars. The British were so dazzled with their battling capacity during the Indian wars; they have took many Gurkhas from Nepal during Second World War.
Some of the world’s record that Nepal currently holds
It is no new thing that, Nepal shelters the world tallest mountain title. Just like that there are few other things that Nepal has manages to earn the title. For instance:
The Tallest situated lake: Tilicho Lake (4800m)
World’s Deepest Lake: Phokshundo Lake with a depth of 145m.
The Deepest Gorge: Kali Gandaki Gorge
World’s Highest Valley: Arun Valley
Presence of Yeti in the Himalayas of Nepal
It is recorded that footsteps of an abominable snow creature was found in the Himalayas of Nepal. There has been some claims that it is a false information however no strong claims or proof have been presented to default the current record which confirms its presence.
Father of Asian Pagoda – Arniko
Today, all across the south Asian countries we can see the pagoda style temples. The design was first introduced by Nepalese Architect Arniko who reinterpreted the pagoda in China and other south eastern Asian countries.
All the temples and the palaces that you can visit in Nepal are all in pagoda designs.
These are some of the interesting and important facts of Nepal. There are many other facts as well that has helped to create an identity of Nepal globally. We hope you this blog has been helpful to gain some insightful information about Nepal.