35 Helpful Tips for Everest Base Camp Trek

35 Helpful Tips for Everest Base Camp Trek

Thinking of trekking Everest Base Camp? Well, you should not only ponder but get on the trail as well. This awe-inspiring journey through and through is a life-changing experience. There is incredible splendor to behold in this enthralling region. Trekking through beautiful towns, passing over high-altitude mountains, and seeing some of the world’s highest peaks will leave you speechless. Overall, with natural beauty, there is a cultural flair to explore as well. Thus, one should not wait on doing the Everest Base Camp trek. Nevertheless, given its high-altitude trekking status, we bring 35 tips for the Everest Base Camp Trek for anyone interested in traversing this fantastic trail.

Because, for this trek, prior preparation is crucial. Haphazardly planning the EBC trek would not be ideal as it requires being mentally and physically ready. Therefore, go through these tips to plan and have an incredible trekking journey in the Himalayas of Nepal. These tips will help to have a smooth and beautiful trip in the mountains.

Go through all 35 tips for Everest Base Camp Trek and create unforgettable memories in the mountains:

1. First, select an itinerary suitable for you.

There are several itineraries available for trekking in Everest Base Camp. However, not all itineraries are suitable for everybody. Before choosing an itinerary, one should know their experience with trekking. People with no trekking experience should not select an itinerary with a short duration despite their physical fitness. Being fit is essential, but trekking is more about adapting to the surroundings and changing elevation. On a similar note, being physically fit also helps you walk smoothly but does not accommodate harsh weather conditions. Thus, know your body and experience with trekking and then select an itinerary suitable for you.

2. Choose the best time for the trek.

Everest Base Camp trek is doable all 12 months of the year. But the best time in terms of weather conditions and mountains views is in the spring and autumn season. These seasons are also the busiest times on the trail. Anyone looking to enjoy the trek path in seclusion can avoid these seasons. Summer/monsoon and winter, however, are quieter seasons. Due to extreme weather conditions, trekking during these seasons includes facing some glitches on the trek.

Nonetheless, it offers a chance to trek in solitude and have the trail to themselves. Winter likewise provides spectacular mountain scenery that is simply breathtaking. All in all, as said earlier, EBC trekking is available to do all through the year. It is just upon the trekkers and their preferences regarding the timing.

3. Go with a professional trekking company.

Another excellent tips for the Everest Base Camp trek is to go with a professional trekking company. EBC trek, with its title as the most famed trekking destination, there are tons of information regarding the hike on the internet. One can easily navigate the journey just by the information available on the internet. However, it is not safe to do so. For a smooth trip, hiring services from the local trekking firm is the ideal thing to do. It indeed will cost you extra cash but guarantees you the safety and utmost assistance. Similarly, they also have networks to deal with immediate emergency situations, such as handling flight delays and communication issues. From managing minor details to major, trekking firms will ensure trekkers have a smooth journey in the Himalayas.

4. Train ahead of the journey.

Walking at a great height, carrying heavy loads is not easy. Moreover, the Everest Base Camp trek already begins from a striking elevation of 2850m/9350 feet above sea level. Similarly, the maximum altitude of the EBC trek is 5632m/18477 feet (Everest Base Camp), which is a commendable height. Therefore, physical fitness is essential to do the Everest Base Camp trek. Some might say it is easy, but you should not blindly follow up without knowing its background. Whenever you meet someone who has done the Everest base camp trek, make sure you receive some exercise tips from them.

Additionally, it is also important to remember that you quickly gain altitude during the trek, and it is difficult to adjust to the increasing elevation, so you need to do prior preparation before opting for this trek. It does not matter if somebody found it be easy because somebody might have struggled to complete the journey. Therefore, train at least four or five months before embarking on the trip. Include cardio workouts and strength-building exercises to increase the endurance capacity. Begin the activities at a slow pace and gradually increase the pace.

5. Only carry the essentials.

Often, trekkers make the mistake of carrying things that they are not going to use. This mostly happens with first-time trekkers. However, taking few unnecessary items is inevitable. But trekkers must only carry the essentials. There is no place for non-essential items as it only weighs your luggage more. You have to stay within your luggage limit, which is 15 kg per person, including their day pack. Therefore, avoid bringing extra stuff, thinking you may need them. Because most of the time, you don’t use them at all. Before packing, make a list and then only pack your luggage. If there is anything unnecessary item on the list, simply remove it from your luggage. Few examples of unnecessary things are slippers, dresses, hair straighteners or dryers, jewelry, makeups, and many more. Don’t carry them because you will not have the opportunity to use them.

6. Do not trek with brand-new trekking shoes.

Trekking shoes are an essential aspect of the trek. Hence, if you are thinking of trekking with your new shoes, use them before starting the actual hike. It is necessary to have comfortable trekking boots while on the trek. Never-worn boots might give you blisters and chafed skin on the trail. Additionally, their fit can also become a problem. Therefore, walk on them or go for a couple of hiking before bringing them on the trek. Similarly, make sure your shoes have good ankle support, are waterproof, and, most importantly, comfortable for the legs.

7. Carry enough cash to last throughout the trek

It is best to have enough cash before you start the journey. There are ATMs available in Namche, yet, the chances of machine malfunctioning is persists. Henceforth, calculate your expenses beforehand and carry cash accordingly. Also, it is suggested to bring a little more than the estimated sum. Similarly, make sure you are taking Nepali currency, not foreign currency. Because only Nepali currency is accepted on the trail.

8. Purchase good travel insurance.

For people trekking in the mountains of Nepal, travel insurance is a life savior. One never knows when they will be essential. You cover more than 5500 meters of height during the trek, and reaching this height is not an easy task. You may be trained and be in your fittest form of health, but needless, altitude sickness can affect your health conditions. Sometimes, an emergency evacuation can be required. Thus make sure that you have proper insurance. Various standard insurance policies don’t contain any coverage for high altitudes. Therefore make sure that your insurance policy has covered all the critical issues before leaving home.

9. Be prepared for an exciting Lukla flight.

EBC trek begins with an intense flight to Lukla. Lukla airport, better known as the most dangerous airport globally for its scenic location and structure, is an exciting aspect of the EBC trek. Henceforth, as much as the location is dramatic, flying there is even more intense. Landing at an altitude of over 2800 meters will give you goosebumps, but the memories shall remain forever unforgettable.

10. Get ready to cross several suspension bridges in the first two days.

In the first two days of the Everest Base Camp trek, you will lose the count of bridges you will cross. Most of them are high and shaky, so one must be careful while crossing these bridges. Crossing the suspension bridges might not be a big deal for many trekkers. Yet, trekkers with vertigo concern find it challenging to cross such bridges as it is shaky.

11. Take your time and walk slowly.

Trekking is about adjusting to the surrounding. Letting your body accommodate the environment of great height. When your body is not accommodating comfortably with the surrounding, it invites other concerns such as altitude sickness. On the whole, remember you are not running in the marathon to run or walk fast. You are here to enjoy the scenery thus savor it while walking steadily. And don’t exhaust your body by rushing the journey.

12. Keep your body hydrated.

The human body loses water all the more rapidly at higher heights contrasted with ocean level. When trekking to high elevations like Everest Base Camp, your body endeavors to get more oxygen. That is the reason remaining hydrated is vital. In any event, drink at least 3.5-4 liters of water in a day to maintain a strategic distance from elevation sickness and lack of hydration. Also, if you are taking Diamox for altitude, drink about 5 liters of water per day as it makes your mouth dry rapidly. Remember, hydration is the key to avoid all uninvited illnesses on the hike.

13. Do not rush the journey.

Rushing the trek only elevates chances of encountering problems. Physically fit trekkers usually tend to go overboard by speeding up the journey despite the discouragement. It is nice to reach the destination before the allotted time but not when danger looms around it. Most trekkers must remember that they are trekking in high altitudes, where sickness is easily caught. Some illnesses might be easily recoverable, but most times, they seriously lead to health hazards. Therefore, do not rush the journey. Take it easy, savor the beauty around it and lead a beautiful and remarkable trip.

14. Be aware of altitude sickness.

As the elevation increases, the oxygen level decreases above 2500m and has a high probability of affecting your health. Altitude sickness is common among hikers and can be dangerous. However, it is also dependent on the individual’s body. If you don’t exercise and have health problems, you should be aware of the signs and symptoms of altitude sickness.

Altitude sickness’s major signs and symptoms are constant headaches, weakness, dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite, no sleep, breathing problems, etc.

You must immediately notify your guide as soon as you notice the symptoms because immediate treatment is necessary. Henceforth, if you experience any of the symptoms, be open about it and let the trek leader handle the situation.

15. Eat veg and soupy meals.

As much as trekking is about adjusting your lungs to the surrounding, it is also about making your stomach susceptible to it. And trekkers need to understand, high altitudes are not that receptive towards the stomach as much as it is towards the lung. In high altitudes, foods are not digested easily. Hence, it would be wise to eat foods that are easy to digest. And on the trail, veg meals are healthy because they are prepared fresh and with nutritious ingredients. Similarly, have garlic soups, or any other soups in general as they are healthy, keeps your body warm, and helps in avoiding altitude sickness as well.

16. Avoid non-veg meals.

Non-vegetarian diets are high in protein, and the digestive system finds it difficult to accumulate non-vegetarian foods in our bodies. The breakdown of these high protein diets takes a long time, and in the meantime, it puts additional strain on our digestive tract. This extra strain on our digestive system will result in High-Altitude Flatulence Expansion (HAFE) and other stomach irritations in our bodies. Hence, it is wise to avoid non-veg meals on the trek. Besides that, it is not healthy since fresh ingredients are not used for non-veg meals. Thus, avoiding non-veg meals reduces the risk of getting sick on the path.

17. Say no to soft and alcoholic drinks.

Firstly, sugary drinks are no good for health neither it has any beneficial factor while trekking in general. Similarly, drinking alcohol too is bad while trekking. Drinking alcohol at a higher altitude only invites more severe cases such as hypothermia. Moreover, such drinks also cause dehydrations because it reduces the water content in the body. Therefore, avoid drinking soft drinks and alcoholic drinks on the trail. Instead, opt for tea, soup, or other healthy beverages.

18. A hot shower is not available everywhere, so get ready to adopt alternative ways of showering.

Taking a hot shower is possible every day of the trek. A hot shower facility is available at the teahouse, but an extra charge is applicable. In the lower trekking regions like Lukla, Phakding, and Namche, hot showers are readily available and even at a lower price. But afterward, it gets a bit expensive as the altitude rises. Also, it is challenging to get taps with hot running water in the higher elevated destination, so you may have to take a bucket shower.

19. Avoid Sleeping at higher altitudes.

Another excellent suggestion for a successful Everest Base camp hike is to sleep at lower altitudes. Although all the trek itineraries are approved beforehand, some go overboard, resulting in sleeping at high altitudes. When trekking at a higher altitude, our bodies are the highest priority. Covering great height, walking for hours already is exhausting on our body. So by sleeping at a lower altitude, we let our body rest properly. Moreover, sleeping at higher altitudes only causes more damage than doing any good.

20. Do not drink water without filtering it.

Before drinking tap water or spring water, make sure you have filtered it properly. On the trail, there are various ways one can access water. Buying water at the teahouse or filling water bottles from spring and public taps are few ways to access water. While water at the teahouse is boiled, it is safe to drink directly. But if you are accessing water from some of the water resources, properly sterilize your water and then only drink.

21. Eat snacks in between meals.

Keep eating dry fruits or chocolates in between your journey. Don’t wait for your next big meal. Eating in between to keep your stomach filled and not hungry.

22. Toilets are surprising, so check everything works before using them.

You can find both western toilets as well as the squat-down type of toilets on the trek. However, these are not surprising aspects. Even though the bathrooms at the teahouses look okay, some functions might not be working. Henceforth, before using the toilets, make sure taps have running water and flush is working.

23. Buy a local Sim card.

It is easier to connect with people if you have a local sim card. People do not stay connected with the internet all the time. Therefore, to call local bodies in case of an emergency situation, it is easier to do it on the phone. Moreover, in the lower region, internet access is readily available, and they are good too. But as you keep on going further high, internet connection is not good so to be connected with people, local sim card is the easiest way.

24. Expect flight delays and cancellations.

Weather in Lukla frequently changes and causes flight delays, so one must be patient. But sometimes, due to extreme weather conditions, flights get canceled too. Therefore, it is better to keep a reserve day at the end of the trek to avoid such complications. Unpredicted flight delays and cancellations can cause delays in the later plans as well. Thus, a friendly tip for having a great Everest Base Camp trek is to expect flight delays and cancellations regardless of the trekking season. This way, if you have to change the plans, you will not be dissatisfied.

25. Dress warmly and comfortably.

Layering is important. But don’t layer up in a way that will make you uncomfortable. Also, it would be better if you bring extra clothes to wear at night. Because nights are colder than the day and it is fundamentally necessary to have plenty of rest. Also, make sure your trekking clothes are not woolen. They are uncomfortable and takes a long time to get dry.

26. Use Sunscreen.

In the high altitude where there is low oxygen in the atmosphere, the UV rays are pretty high. Therefore, apply sunscreen routinely. This simple procedure will save you from getting sunburn.

27. Don’t forget your headlights/torch.

Another simple but essential tips for the Everest Base Camp Trek is to bring your headlights or torch. Because not all parts of teahouses are well lit. Similarly, sometimes trek starts early in the morning before sunrise. In such cases, headlights or a torch come in handy.

28. Use sunglasses.

As mentioned earlier, while trekking at a high altitude, you are more prone to UV light. The eye being one of the sensitive body parts, needs to be protected. Thus, wearing sunglasses is very important.

29. Keep an extra contingency day at the end of the trek.

The weather in the mountains constantly changes. Thus the unpredictability sometimes causes flights delays and cancellations too. Therefore, keep an extra reserve day at the end of the trek to avoid such mishaps.

30. Show respect to locals and their culture.

Sherpa is one of the friendliest and hospitable people in the world. As much as they are charming, their culture and traditions are equally intriguing as well. Thus, if anything of their culture perplexes you, kindly ask them. They will undoubtedly shed light on your curiosity. Similarly, all through the trail, religious monuments and shrines are found. Show respect to these fantastic religious artifacts as well. These depict their deep belief and values towards their respective religion.

31. Bring a solar power bank.

While electricity is available for charging your electric devices, it is pretty expensive as well. Therefore, bring a solar power bank. Batteries in the higher altitude drain faster due to cold weather. And it will save quite a sum from spending at the teahouse charging your electronic devices.

32. Bring Universal Power Adapter.

Another essential tips for the Everest Base Camp trek is to bring universal power adapters. Nepal uses round pin sockets. Similarly, Nepal operates on a 230 V supply voltage and 50 Hz. Therefore, depending on the appliances and devices, bring a universal power adapter.

33. Use your gears beforehand.

Among many tips, another essential tips for the Everest Base Camp trek is to use your trekking equipment beforehand. Trekking requires using several things. Thus, you must be familiar with your trekking gear. Be it a daypack or the headlight or trekking poles, it is crucial you use them first to make sure they are useable for the multi-week hike.

34. Explore more of Everest.

Everest region is filled with beautiful attractions. One can simply get on the trail after an amazing EBC trek. Explore the route to Gokyo Lakes to stare at the tranquil and turquoise Gokyo Lakes. Or select Everest High Passes Trek if you are looking for a challenging path for a beautiful and even more exuberant experience.

35. Make sure to catch the spectacular sunrise or sunset view from Kala Patthar.

The time of sunrise and sunset is one of the mesmerizing times to witness. Golden rays of sun splash over Mt. Everest and offer the beautiful work of Mother Nature. The light dispersed over the massive peaks at sunrise and sunset are surreal and truly majestic to capture in camera and our mind.

Last Words

Remember these tips when trekking and while preparing for the trek. These 35 tips for the Everest Base camp trek will prevent you from experiencing events you did not foresee. Along with that, it also prepares you physically and mentally for a lifetime journey. Lastly, do not trek the EBC trail on a whim. First, be prepared and then only explore the gorgeous terrains of Everest massif.

About Author

Balaram Thapa

Balaram Thapa, an executive director at Nepal Hiking Team had a long journey before making NHT one of the revolutionary tour operators in this competitive field of Tourism. He finished his Bachelor’s degree in Travel and Tourism from Tribhuwan University in the year 2000.


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