The Everest Base Camp trek is a classic adventure suitable for people of all ages, shapes, and sizes as long as they are well-trained and prepared both physically and mentally. The trip to the foothills of the highest peak, Mount Everest (8848m), is not easy for most people. To make the dream come true, it is essential that you prepare yourself with sufficient training in aerobics, weight-lifting, and other physical activities.
The physical and mental fitness should be relatively higher for the challenging yet awe-inspiring Everest region. You may wonder, “How to train our body and mind for high elevations, steep paths, and unforeseen weather conditions during Everest Base Camp Trek at high elevations, steep paths, and unforeseen weather conditions?” We'll surely answer the question.
Let us first get a brief insight into why to prepare for the Everest Trek.
Why Prepare for the Everest Base Camp trek?
The Everest Base Camp trek is a strenuous journey, and adequate fitness preparation will make a big difference in your overall EBC trek experience. The fitness requirements don't necessarily imply that you need to be an athlete to do the Everest Base Camp trek. The main idea is to engage in physical activities, pushing your existing bodily and mental abilities, and conditioning your body for higher elevations of Everest trails; the process is called endurance training. Your mental fitness is just as crucial as your physical fitness to avoid anxiety, loneliness, or frustration that may arise during the venturesome Everest trip.
The key reason behind these preparations is to ensure that you enjoy the exotic views of nature, make the trek worthwhile, and not be miserable regarding your health when you trek in the Everest region. Let us now discuss how to prepare for Everest Base Camp trek through the following types of training:
Physical Training for Everest Base Camp Trek
Cardio or cardiovascular training is an exercise that improves your heart and respiratory functions for hiking to high elevations without getting worn out physically. In this training, you will work with less oxygen, and this will help you acclimatize to higher altitudes when you climb up there.
A good stamina and heart health for a sustained duration prepares you for the impending Everest challenge. Choose cardio as one of the trainings necessary to accomplish the exhilarating Everest Base Camp trek like a PRO or with fewer hassles.
Swimming, cycling, walking, and running are the cardio activities you can consistently practice to enhance the stamina, endurance, and immunity required for the Everest Base Camp trek. If you practice consistently in a routine, your mind and body achieve better cardiovascular health, but do remember to pay attention to your bodily needs and avoid overstraining yourself. Such practices act as a solid base for acclimatization in the snow-capped Himalayas.
Strength training protects you from potential injury while trekking in challenging geographical region. The workout emphasizes on the movement of the trek-vulnerable parts: legs, core, and upper body through resistance training. Legs are apparently the most vulnerable part of EBC trekking or any other trekking.
Perform squats, step-ups, squats, and lounges to support your legs. Similarly, deadlifts, Russian twists, and planks are more suitable for core muscles. When those parts get stronger through movement, you become more skilled in walking and balancing through rocky trails of Everest Base Camp trek.
The upper part will help carry your trekking backpack. Perform push-ups, pull-ups, and rows to strengthen your upper body. Follow a fitness guide or a healthcare professional if you need guidance on effective workout to prepare for Everest Base Camp trek. People target about 2 hours of strength or resistance training per week before the Everest Base Camp trek.
Hiking practice is a beautiful way to condition your body for high altitudes while having fun and relaxation on top of green hills, forests, waterfalls, and streams. Hiking allows you to develop the stamina and immunity required for climbing the landscapes of the renowned EBC trek. By practicing it regularly, you gain a momentum required to readily acclimatize when you hit the real game around the gigantic mountains.
For the Everest Base Camp trek preparation, hike 5-6 hours every day in or around the Everest Base Camp if possible. A few beautiful hiking destinations for practice are Nagarkot, Chandragiri, Namobuddha, Phulchowki, and Shivapuri.
The hiking practice around Everest region offers high altitude training by letting you walk and rest on high altitudes.
Once you get comfortable walking at higher elevations, it is much easier to do the expedition, and make unforgettable Everest Base Camp memories.
Watch nutrition and hydration
Another essential physical aspect of the training is to focus more on good nutrition and hydration during Everest Base Camp trek training because your body needs sufficient supply of nutrients and water to build extra mass and strength.
Have a balanced diet so that the nutrients help your body prompt recovery and adapt to the increased physical demands of the pre-trek training. Food that contains more protein and calories is necessary for your training.
Eat more vegetables and fruits, and cut down on smoking and drinking alcohol. Besides, don’t forget hydration for optimal body functioning during pre-trek training and the trek.
Mental Preparation for Everest Base Camp Trek
A positive mindset does wonders in almost any challenging journey. In the remote Everest destinations, you may encounter hazardous situations, unfavorable weather, or other unforeseen circumstances. But, with a positive mindset and planned strategies, it is not a big issue for you can turn all the hardships into adventures.
Follow the below tips for enhancing your mental fitness for the Everest Base Camp trek:
- Intentionally, put yourself in physically challenging situations so you understand the know-how of mitigating potential risks to come in trek beforehand.
- As workout and exercise are to physical fitness, yoga and meditation are to the mental fitness. With regular practice of yoga and meditation, you turn away from anxiety and stress, helping you to stay calm during troublesome situations.
- Never underestimate the risks of the Everest Base Camp trek, and prepare yourself well. Keep a good attitude to save yourself from altitude sickness and other potential losses such as time, energy, and money.
- Perform physical trainings properly. A healthy and strong body will give you the confidence to succeed the Everest Base Camp trek.
- Get yourself suitable trekking gear and a comfortable pair of hiking boots. Having convenient and light wears can boost an extra dozes of confidence in you.
- Try visualizing yourself doing an adventurous trek like EBC trek and overcoming all kinds of hardships in your imagination. The visualization technique makes you mentally ready to face the real scenario of EBC trekking, like altitude sickness or acute mountain sickness.
- During the pre-trek training, involve your partner or others in group hiking and practice exchanging mutual support with each other. Understanding the value of team work is absolutely beneficial.
- Be realistic, and stay informed about the routes, altitude profiles, and risky factors associated with the Everest Base Camp trek.
The trekking experts strongly recommend newbies and people of average stamina and immunity train their bodies and minds to learn to tackle problems in the Everest Base Camp trek. A healthy body with high confidence makes the EBC trek more worthwhile and memorable.
So, if you are planning the Everest Base Camp journey, let us know if you need assistance.